informed of this transaction, the knights compelled him to return

the money.

f[3] A hemistich borrowed from Euripides' 'Telephus.'

f[4] The tragedies of Aeschylus continued to be played even after the

poet's death, which occurred in 436 B.C., ten years before the production

of 'The Acharnians.'

f[5] A tragic poet, whose pieces were so devoid of warmth and life that he

was nicknamed [the Greek for] 'snow.'

f[6] A bad musician, frequently ridiculed by Aristophanes; he played both

the lyre and the flute.

f[7] A lively and elevated method.

f[8] A hill near the Acropolis, where the Assemblies were held.

f[9] Several means were used to force citizens to attend the assemblies;

the shops were closed; circulation was only permitted in those streets which

led to the Pnyx; finally, a rope covered with vermilion was drawn round those

who dallied in the Agora (the market-place), and the late-comers, ear-

marked by the imprint of the rope, were fined.

f[10] Magistrates who, with the Archons and the Epistatae, shared the care

of holding and directing the assemblies of the people; they were fifty

in number.

f[11] The Peloponnesian War had already, at the date of the representation

of 'The Acharnians,' lasted five years, 431-426 B.C.; driven from their lands

by the successive Lacedaemonian invasions, the people throughout the

country had been compelled to seek shelter behind the walls of Athens.

HERALD

Move on up, move on, move on, to get within the consecrated area.[1]

f[1] Shortly before the meeting of the Assembly, a number of young pigs

were immolated and a few drops of their blood were sprinkled on the

seats of the Prytanes; this sacrifice was in honour of Ceres.

AMPHITHEUS

Has anyone spoken yet?

HERALD

Who asks to speak?

AMPHITHEUS

I do.

HERALD

Your name?

AMPHITHEUS

Amphitheus.

HERALD

You are no man.[1]

f[1] The name, Amphitheus, contains [the Greek] word [for] 'god.'

AMPHITHEUS

No! I am an immortal! Amphitheus was the son of Ceres and

Triptolemus; of him was born Celeus. Celeus wedded Phaenerete, my

grandmother, whose son was Lucinus, and, being born of him I am an

immortal; it is to me alone that the gods have entrusted the duty of

treating with the Lacedaemonians. But, citizens, though I am immortal,

I am dying of hunger; the Prytanes give me naught.[1]

f[1] Amongst other duties, it was the office of the Prytanes to look after

the wants of the poor.

A PRYTANIS

Guards!

AMPHITHEUS

Oh, Triptolemus and Ceres, do ye thus forsake your own blood?

DICAEOPOLIS

Prytanes, in expelling this citizen, you are offering an outrage

to the Assembly. He only desired to secure peace for us and to sheathe

the sword.

PRYTANIS

Sit down and keep silence!

DICAEOPOLIS

No, by Apollo, I will not, unless you are going to discuss the

question of peace.

HERALD

The ambassadors, who are returned from the Court of the King!

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